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Why You Need a Relapse Prevention Plan and Treatment Strategy

In a way, all substance use disorder (SUD) treatment programs are set with the main goal of preventing relapses in mind. Yet, there’s a specific aspect of the recovery journey, including follow-up dedicated to relapse prevention for an effective detox long-term recovery.

But what does a relapse prevention plan and treatment strategy look like? Is it really necessary?

In this blog post, we’ll go over what solid relapse prevention plans entail as a course of action for addiction, how they can make a world of difference in the sustained recovery process, identify warning signs of relapse, withdrawal symptoms, healthy coping skills, and start a new life out of this dilemma.

UNDERSTANDING RELAPSE

On the surface level, relapse might look like a quick slip-up or a singular event, but that’s often not the case.

Relapse is actually a gradual process. It might begin weeks (or even months) before the recovering addict even takes a sip of alcohol abuse or goes back to drug use habits.

Some experts break down the process into a long chain of consecutive phases. Take, for instance, Terence Gorski. He believes there are 11 phases (with 37 warning signs) to relapse.

While Gorski’s warning signs are reliable and quite helpful for clinicians, they can be a bit much for recovering addicts and their families. That’s why you’ll likely hear about the more succinct version: the three stages of relapse.

The Three Stages of Relapse

When we look at how most addicts experience relapse, we can pinpoint three main parts:

  • Emotional Relapse: During this stage, the person might struggle with their recovery journey. Yet, they won’t consciously think about using—denial is a huge element here.
  • Mental Relapse: The urge to use surfaces back in this phase, but a part of the individual is still fighting the chronic addiction.
  • Physical Relapse: That’s when the individual finally abuses the substance again. This stage could move on to a worse state of uncontrolled use.

That said, there’s still hope, regardless of which stage the individual is in!

It’s also worth noting that the steps aren’t necessarily discrete. Some people will continue experiencing signs of emotional relapse even though they’ve moved on to the second stage.

Either way, we’ll go in-depth over the components and treatment strategies professionals use for the relapse prevention program later in the article.

Common Relapse Triggers and Risk Factors

Poor self-care is often a common denominator among relapse cases. However, there’s a wide range of triggers that can push people down the spiral of emotional, mental, and physical relapse.

Here are the top triggers that addiction treatment providers need to consider while setting the prevention plan:

  • Isolation (which also happens to be a warning sign of the emotional stage)
  • Stress and physical exhaustion
  • Depression (or other mental health issues)
  • Drug-related cues (people, places, or objects that remind the person of their addictions)
  • Unbalanced self-reliance
  • Times of celebration

A RELAPSE PREVENTION PLAN ISN’T A WAY TO AVOID FAILURE

One common misconception is that relapse is a failure—it’s not.

For one, people who relapse (or have a single slip-up) can bounce back, provided they get the help they need.

But that’s not all. Let’s consider the chronic nature of addiction for a minute.

You wouldn’t really say that someone with asthma has failed just because they had an attack recently. Instead, you would likely believe they need to refer back to their physician and modify their treatment.

That’s more or less the case with addiction.

After all, the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) estimates that the relapse rates for substance abuse (40–60%) are comparable to that of hypertension and asthma (50–70%).

The True Role of the Prevention Plan

In some ways, relapse can be a normal part of many people’s recovery journey rather than a sign of failure. The prevention plan for those involved in drug or alcohol use is only here to reduce the odds of this happening or the risk of relapse.

If the individual does spiral, the relapse prevention strategies can help keep things confined to temporary setbacks.

For instance, it’s useful for professionals to keep an eye out for the early signs of emotional relapse (skipping meetings, bottling up emotions, poor eating/sleeping habits, etc.).

Knowing the signs and potential triggers goes a long way in keeping the severe relapses at bay and keep health conditions stable from drug addiction.

PRINCIPLES AND COMPONENTS OF A RELAPSE PREVENTION PLAN

Now, you know the scope of the substance abuse treatment prevention program, but visualizing what the plan looks like can still be challenging.

One popular model of relapse prevention therapy is the Cenaps model, with nine principles ranging from self-regulation to maintenance.

From those principles, we can extract nine recommended procedures to be incorporated into the plan.

Here are the details:

No.Cenaps PrincipleRecommended Relapse Prevention Procedure(s)
1Self-regulationPhysical, psychological, and social stabilization (via detoxification and removing crises that threaten sobriety)
2IntegrationSelf-assessment and reconstruction of recovery/relapse history
3UnderstandingRelapse education programs
4Self-knowledgeWarning sign identification
5Coping SkillsWarning sign management
6ChangeReviewing the recovery plan and going over how each warning sign is associated with a specific activity
7AwarenessInventory training (via daily sheets for planning the day and reviewing progress/problems)
8Significant OthersInvolving family members, sponsors, counselors, and peers
9MaintenancePlan updating (on a monthly basis for a while, then quarterly, then twice a year, and finally once a year)

With all that in mind, we can say that self-awareness (practice self-care), finding coping strategies for cravings, setting a structured routine, and building a support system of trusted individuals are all vital components.

At ReCreate Life Counseling, we advise clients in relapse prevention treatments to incorporate elements of accountability, mindfulness, improved self-esteem, and coping skills into their plans.

We’ll cover how the treating professional can involve family members and friends later, though!

5 HANDY TOOLS FOR SUPPORTING RELAPSE PREVENTION PLANS

Since each case is different, the prevention plan can change from one person to another.

However, there are a few common therapy and treatment modalities that can help keep the relapse incidences away.

Here’s a rundown of the top supporting programs and intervention strategies:

1. 12-Step Meetings

The 12-step program can help recovering addicts find coping skills and build a support network. Plus, it’s a great way to find a sponsor who will help them when the cravings kick in.

Note that the success rate estimates change among programs. However, it’s safe to assume that, for many people, 12-step meetings can help with relapse prevention efforts.

2. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)

Many harmful emotions and actions (including addiction) stem from trauma. Our CBT physiotherapy sessions work on digging out these negative thought patterns and dealing with them.

Hopefully, this process will help the individual develop healthier thought patterns that will help prevent relapses.

3. Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT)

Another form of psychotherapy that could be part of the prevention plan is DBT.

Unlike CBT, DBT focuses on validating and accepting the person’s current situation, which boosts their distress tolerance and emotional regulation. It also helps with other aspects like mindfulness and building interpersonal relationships.

How effective is it? Well, one study found that a year of DBT reduces psychiatric hospitalization days by a whopping 77%.Keep in mind that you can do CBT or DBT through teletherapy as part of the relapse prevention plan.

Relapse prevention treatment

4. Meditation and Holistic Programs

One of the relapse prevention tools we use at ReCreate Life Counseling is meditation.

We believe that long-term success rates are higher when holistic therapies (yoga, guided meditation, and art expression) are used alongside traditional therapies (group therapy and one-on-one counseling).

After all, stress is a common relapse trigger—the more you work to control it, the better!

In some cases, we also recommend journaling and taking up hobbies for stress relief.

5. Medication-Assisted Treatment (MAT)

MATs are often a good fit for people with a high relapse risk, like opioid addicts.

In a MAT program, the patient stops their substance abuse and starts taking a prescribed medication like methadone and buprenorphine instead. The administration is done under supervision, of course.

Overall, the prescription should help reduce the cravings. As the patient makes progress in the recovery plan, they’re tapered off the MAT intake.

However, there are risks and eligibility barriers to consider. Get in touch with us today to know if MAT programs are the right choice.

THE ROLE OF AFTERCARE IN ADDICTION RELAPSE PREVENTION

Some treatment programs last only 30 days. Yet, research shows that relapse rates are particularly high over the first 90 days.

Even after the 90-day period is over, there will always be risk to some extent. That’s where aftercare comes in.

A well-rounded aftercare plan can help the recovering addict resist cravings and stay on track. Doing so is relatively easy in the inpatient treatment center since the environment is controlled. However, once the patient is out, things get tricky.

Aftercare Planning

Ideally, the healthcare professionals will prepare the patient to transition smoothly into the aftercare plan from the residential program.

Depending on the case, the ongoing support can include a mix of the following approaches:

  • Support groups
  • One-on-one therapy sessions
  • Regular check-ins
  • Vocational help
  • Sober living (great for providing structure, supervision, and support)

Aftercare Duration

It’s worth noting that the duration of the aftercare plan changes on a case-by-case basis, especially when it comes to sober living.

Unlike halfway houses, most sober living houses are voluntary and don’t come with strict stay limitations. Individuals are welcome to stay for one or even two years until they feel ready to live independently.

If all goes according to the aftercare plan, integration into normal life should be safer and easier.

INVOLVING LOVED ONES IN THE RELAPSE PREVENTION EFFORTS

So far, we’ve seen that the average relapse prevention program is multifaceted and requires a substantial blend of planning and willpower.

Relapse prevention

Thankfully, patients don’t have to take that road alone. We’re not just talking about the team of experts at ReCreate Life Counseling Services—family and friends are more than welcome to help.

In fact, the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) encourages getting family members involved in the relapse prevention plan.

After all, loved ones can pick up on the early warning signs that the individual himself might miss. Plus, there’s no denying that families can bring along to the table either by offering their services (driving the recovering addict to and from meetings) or offering emotional support.

However, there’s still a need for boundaries. Otherwise, the family’s involvement will lean more towards controlling (and sometimes outright judgemental) behavior rather than a supportive model.

That’s why the treatment providers should lay down a plan that explains the family’s roles and valid intervention options in cases of relapse or other emergencies.

DEALING WITH A RECENT RELAPSE

Some patients never relapse, but as we covered earlier, relapses are normal for other recovering addicts.

To respond to a relapse, we’d recommend:

  • Getting  Immediate Help: Talk to your sponsor or doctor. Dial up a helpline if you need to.
  • Jumping Back on Track: Depending on whether it’s a case of lapse (a single slip-up) or a full-on relapse, you might need to go through more treatment programs. Be patient!
  • Learning From the Relapse: Ask yourself what triggered the incident. Did you prepare for it earlier? If not, then it might be time to revisit the initial prevention plan and tweak it.

The most important part here is to never lose hope!

If you know that someone else has relapsed, make sure they’re safe and seek medical support to reduce the risk of overdose.

FINAL THOUGHTS ON PERSONALIZED RELAPSE PREVENTION PLANS

Relapses can be devastating, soul-crushing experiences for both the recovering addicts and their loved ones. They’re not uncommon, and yet they’re never a reason to give up on treatment plans altogether.

With some planning and self-reflection, patients can help draft their own aftercare and relapse prevention programs and procedures. As it happens, the plans are better when they’re tailored to each individual’s needs and unique situation.

If you want to learn more about personalized treatments and relapse prevention, don’t hesitate to call our team today.

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Published on: 2019-02-28
Updated on: 2024-07-08